Creating your own pesto is not just about following a recipe; it’s about capturing the spirit of Italy in your kitchen. Take your time, embrace the process, and let the aromas waft through the air, awakening your senses. Allow the fresh ingredients to speak for themselves, coming together in perfect harmony to create a pesto sauce that’s a testament to tradition and craftsmanship.

A Timeless Recipe Handed Down Through Generations

How to Make Authentic Pesto with Fresh Ingredients

Basil pesto, a culinary delight synonymous with the vibrant flavours of Italy, has been enchanting taste buds for centuries. This iconic sauce traces its roots back to the enchanting region of Liguria, where locals have been perfecting the recipe for generations. With its vibrant green hue and aromatic bouquet, pesto is an embodiment of the sun-kissed Italian countryside.Pesto sauce

A Story of Pesto’s Origins

A Traditional Recipe Infused with History

Legend has it that pesto dates to the ancient Romans who relished a similar concoction known as “moretum.” However, in the Middle Ages, basil, the quintessential pesto herb, was introduced to Liguria. The locals embraced this herbaceous wonder and combined it with other regional delights, including pine nuts, garlic, Parmesan cheese, and the finest extra virgin olive oil. Thus, pesto, as we know it today, was born.

The Freshest Ingredients for Authentic Pesto

Unleashing the True Flavors of Italy

To create a truly authentic pesto that will transport you to the sun-kissed hills of Italy, let your imagination take flight as you embark on a journey to gather the dreamiest ingredients.

Begin by plucking aromatic basil leaves straight from your herb garden or a trusted local supplier. As you cradle the basil leaves in your hands, you can almost feel the warmth of the Italian sun infusing them with their vibrant flavours.

Next, it’s time to gather the remaining ingredients. Toasted pine nuts, fragrant garlic cloves, finely grated Parmigiano-Reggiano or Pecorino Romano cheese, and the smoothest extra virgin olive oil are the pillars upon which pesto’s distinctive taste is built.

In this dream-like state, you are no longer merely gathering ingredients but collecting fragments of Italy’s soul, capturing the very essence of its culinary heritage.

Let your imagination guide you as you transform these simple components into an unforgettable pesto.Pesto ingredients

The traditional Italian Pesto recipe

Ingredients for 4 people:

  • 2 cups fresh basil leaves, packed
  • 1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil
  • 1/3 cup pine nuts
  • 3 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 cup freshly grated Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese
  • 1/4 cup freshly grated Pecorino Romano cheese
  • Salt, to taste
  • Pepper, to taste


  1. Start by toasting the pine nuts in a dry skillet over medium heat. Stir them frequently until they turn lightly golden and release their aromatic oils. Remove them from the heat and set aside to cool.
  2. In a food processor or blender, combine the basil leaves, toasted pine nuts, and minced garlic cloves. Pulse a few times to break down the ingredients.
  3. While the food processor is running, slowly drizzle in the extra virgin olive oil. Continue blending until the mixture becomes smooth and well combined.
  4. Transfer the mixture to a bowl and stir in the grated Parmigiano-Reggiano and Pecorino Romano cheese. Mix well until the cheese is evenly distributed throughout the pesto.
  5. Taste the pesto and season with salt and pepper according to your preference. Remember that the cheeses already contribute some saltiness, so add salt sparingly.
  6. At this point, you can adjust the consistency of the pesto. If it’s too thick, add a little more olive oil to achieve the desired texture.

Note: Basil pesto is best enjoyed fresh, but if you have any leftovers, store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days. To prevent browning, place a thin layer of olive oil on the surface of the pesto before sealing the container.

This traditional pesto recipe captures the essence of Italy’s culinary heritage and will transport you to the sun-drenched hills with its vibrant flavours.Pesto pasta in a plate

Preserving the Essence of Freshness

Freshness is paramount when it comes to pesto. To preserve the vibrant flavours of basil, avoid exposure to direct sunlight and store it in a cool, dry place. For pine nuts, airtight containers in the refrigerator are ideal for maintaining their nutty goodness. Keep garlic cloves in a dark, well-ventilated spot, away from moisture, to prevent them from sprouting prematurely. Cheese and olive oil should also be stored in the refrigerator, tightly sealed to preserve their quality. Use the Liebherr BioFresh 0° to preserve your fresh ingredients easily.

Pesto and Pasta Pairings: Finding the Perfect Match

Traditionally, pesto is enjoyed with trofie, a delicate twisted pasta native to Liguria. However, its versatility knows no bounds, and it can be paired with various pasta shapes, each adding a unique dimension to the culinary experience. Linguine, penne, and fusilli are all excellent choices, with their nooks and crannies embracing the luscious green sauce. The marriage of al dente pasta and the aromatic richness of pesto creates a symphony of flavours that will transport you straight to the sun-drenched hills of Italy.

Pasta for pesto

How to Store and Preserve Pesto

Preserving the freshness of pesto is crucial to maintaining its vibrant flavours. Here’s how you can properly store pesto to maximize its shelf life:

Cool it

  • Airtight Container: Transfer the freshly made pesto into a clean, airtight container. Ensure that the container is appropriately sized to minimize air exposure.
  • Olive Oil Layer: Before sealing the container, create a thin layer of extra virgin olive oil on top. This helps to create a barrier and prevent oxidation, which can cause the pesto to darken.
  • Refrigeration: Place the sealed container in the refrigerator. The cool temperature will help slow down the enzymatic reactions that can lead to flavour deterioration.
  • Use within 3-4 Days: As time passes, the flavours may mellow, and the colour may darken slightly.
  • Stir Before Use: When you’re ready to use the pesto, give it a good stir to incorporate any separated oil back into the sauce.

Freezing Option:

If you need to extend the shelf life of your pesto beyond a few days, you can freeze it. Portion it into ice cube trays or small freezer-safe containers and cover with a layer of olive oil. Once frozen, transfer the pesto cubes or containers to a freezer bag for long-term storage. Frozen pesto can retain its quality for up to 3 months. Thaw the desired amount in the refrigerator overnight or use it directly in cooked dishes.

Beyond Pesto: Exploring Delicious Alternatives

Expanding Your Palate and creativity with Pestos of a Different Hue

While classic pesto is a culinary gem, there are delightful variations that provide exciting alternatives. One such variation is red pesto, which substitutes sun-dried tomatoes for basil, lending a rich, robust flavour to the sauce. Red pesto pairs wonderfully with grilled vegetables, crusty bread, or even as a dip for crudités.

Pesto recipe variations

Sun-Dried Tomato Pesto

Experience the vibrant flavours of the Mediterranean with this captivating alternative. Sun-dried tomatoes, with their concentrated sweetness, take centre stage, creating a pesto that’s rich, tangy, and bursting with robust flavour. Combine them with toasted almonds, fresh basil, garlic, Parmesan cheese, and olive oil for a pesto sauce that will transport you to the sun-drenched shores of Southern Italy.Sun dried tomato red pesto

Arugula and Walnut Pesto

Embrace a peppery twist on the classic recipe with this zesty alternative. The slightly bitter and nutty profile of arugula harmonizes perfectly with the earthy flavours of walnuts. Add a dash of lemon zest, garlic, Parmesan cheese, and extra virgin olive oil, and you have a recipe that tantalizes the taste buds with its bold and refreshing character.

Cilantro and Cashew Pesto

Embark on an adventure for the senses with this vibrant and exotic pesto. Cilantro, with its bright and citrusy notes, takes the spotlight, while creamy cashews lend a buttery richness. Enhance the flavours with a squeeze of lime juice, garlic, a touch of cumin, and a swirl of olive oil, to transports you to the bustling markets of Mexico or the fragrant streets of Southeast Asia.

Beauty of pesto is versatility

These alternatives invite you to journey beyond your culinary comfort zone. Whether you’re looking to add a unique twist to your pasta dishes, elevate your appetizers, or simply explore new flavour profiles, these variations are a testament to the endless possibilities that await your creativity.

Remember, the beauty of pesto lies in its versatility. Feel free to experiment with different herbs, nuts, cheeses, and even spices to create your own signature pesto. Even if Italian tradition might disagree with your choices, let your taste buds guide you.Pesto sauce in a bowl

Now you know how to make a perfect pesto.

So next time you find yourself yearning for a taste of Italy, reach for the basil, pine nuts, and olive oil. Let the magic of pesto whisk you away on a culinary journey that will forever hold a special place in your heart. Buon appetito!